Figure 1 Representative examples at two-dimensional echocardiography of the spectrum of left ventricular (LV) functional and morphological impairment
in isolated ventricular non-compaction. (A) Non-compaction involving the entire apex in a patient with normal end diastolic LV volume (with an overall
picture that can mimic apical hypertrophic or obliterative cardiomyopathy); (B) non-compaction limited to the posterior wall in a patient with nearly normal
end diastolic LV; (C) non-compaction involving the apicolateral wall in a patient with mildly dilated cardiomyopathy; (D) non-compaction involving the
apicolateral wall in a patient with severely dilated cardiomyopathy. LA, left atrium; LV, left ventricle; RA, right atrium; RV, right ventricle.
Wide spectrum of presentation and variable outcomes of
isolated left ventricular non-compaction