3D: Morfologia ou funcional?

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https://f1000research.com/articles/4-914/v1

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Ainda erramos bastante na avaliação de valvopatias.

Artigo acima aponta algumas direções.

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Em 2004 já havia essa corrente abaixo:

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https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Otto_Kamp/publication/8155403_Should_mitral_valve_area_assessment_in_patients_with_mitral_stenosis_be_based_on_anatomical_or_on_functional_evaluation_A_plea_for_3D_echocardiography_as_the_new_clinical_standard/links/55474b780cf24107d398348f.pdf

This makes 3D echocardiography and especially realtime 3D echocardiography a new clinical standard, which offers more than the conventionally used ultrasound indices for assessment of the severity of mitral stenosis: a fast and reproducible technique with detailed anatomical information and orifice area assessment, relatively independent of confounding haemodynamic variables.

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